Synovial Fluid Analysis #synovial #fluid #analysis, # #2006 #21st #abnormal #abnormally #activities


Synovial Fluid Analysis

Synovial fluid analysis is a group of tests that examine joint (synovial) fluid. The tests help diagnose and treat joint-related problems.

Alternative Names

Joint fluid analysis; Joint fluid aspiration

How the test is performed

A sample of synovial fluid is needed for this test. Synovial fluid is normally a thick, straw-colored liquid found in small amounts in joints, bursae, and tendon sheaths.

After the area is cleaned, the health care provider will insert a sterile needle through the skin and into the joint space. Once in the joint, fluid is drawn through the needle into a sterile syringe.

The fluid sample is sent to the laboratory. The laboratory technician will check the sample’s color and clarity, and then place it under a microscope to check it for red and white blood cells, crystals (in the case of gout), and bacteria. In addition, there may be a chemical analysis, and if infection is a concern, a sample will be cultured to see if any bacteria grow.

How to prepare for the test

Normally, no special preparation is necessary, but contact your health care provider before the test to make sure. Tell your doctor if you are taking blood thinners, as they can affect test results.

How the test will feel

Occasionally, the health care provider will first inject local anesthesia with a small needle, which will sting. The aspiration is done with a larger needle and may also cause some pain. The procedure usually lasts less than one minute.

Why the test is performed

The test can help diagnose the cause of pain or swelling in joints. Removing the fluid can also help relieve joint pain.

This test may be used to diagnose:

  • Gout
  • Infection
  • Other inflammatory joint conditions
  • Joint injury
  • Osteoarthritis

What abnormal results mean

Abnormal joint fluid may look cloudy or abnormally thick.

Blood in the joint fluid may be a sign of injury inside the joint or a body-wide bleeding problem. An excess amount of normal synovial fluid can also be a sign of osteoarthritis.

What the risks are

  • Infection of the joint — unusual but more common with repeated aspirations
  • Bleeding into the joint space

Special considerations

Ice or cold packs may be applied to the joint for 24 to 36 hours after the test to reduce the swelling and joint pain. Depending on the exact problem, you can probably resume your normal activities after the procedure. Talk to your health care provider to determine what activity is most appropriate for you.


Knight JA, Kjeldsberg CR. Cerebrospinal, synovial, and serous body fluids. In: McPherson RA, Pincus MR, eds. Henry’s Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 21st ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2006:chap 28.

Review Date: 7/10/2009

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only — they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. Copyright 2010 A.D.A.M. Inc. as modified by University of California San Francisco. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

Information developed by A.D.A.M. Inc. regarding tests and test results may not directly correspond with information provided by UCSF Medical Center. Please discuss with your doctor any questions or concerns you may have.

Getting Care

Online Course: Abnormal Psychology 101 #abnormal #psychology #online #course, #online #course #class


Abnormal Psychology 101

Course Description

Abnormal Psychology is a highly complex and fascinating field of study. The modern psychological community has made tremendous strides in better understanding, diagnosing and treating abnormal disorders of the mind compared to centuries and even decades ago. While there is still much stigma attached to this branch of mental illness, it is less so than in the past. This course will introduce you to the many faces of abnormal psychology. It will discuss old and new ideas surrounding this branch of psychology and will offer general information about how abnormal psychologists and psychiatrists identify and treat these types of mental illnesses.

There are fifteen comprehensive lessons written in an easy to follow, informative manner. The end of each lesson will provide you with multiple summary review questions as well as an assignment so that you may effectively test your new found knowledge. We encourage you to use these self-test questions to determine whether you are ready to move on to the next lesson or if you should review portions of the preceding lesson before taking the next step. Do not rush yourself. Take the time to read all portions of the lessons and complete the exercises and self-tests.

There is a comprehensive bibliography at the end of the course which lists all texts and Web sites used as reference materials in the creation of this course. It is a valuable resource in finding more in-depth information on specific topics that are beyond the scope of this course.

Whether you are considering an education or a career in abnormal psychology or if you are simply interested in learning more about this fascinating field of study, this course will introduce you to a better understanding of the intricacies of the human mind and the ever evolving study of Abnormal Psychology.

Lesson 1: Introduction to Abnormal Psychology

This lesson will provide information about these topics, so that you have a clear idea of what abnormal psychology is, and how it differs from other branches in the field.

  • Lesson 2: History of Abnormal Psychology

    Views, treatment, and understanding of mental illness has changed drastically throughout the ages.

  • Lesson 3: Overview of Abnormal Psychology Types

    This lesson will introduce you to the major categories of mental and emotional illnesses. You will be briefly introduced to definitions, symptoms, and some causes of the most common mental and emotional illnesses.

  • Lesson 4: Anxiety Disorders Up Close

    In this lesson, you will be given definitions of the many sub-categories, or sub-types, of anxiety disorder.

  • Lesson 5: Eating Disorders Up Close

    In this lesson, you will be given definitions of the sub-categories of eating disorder.

  • Lesson 6: Mood Disorders Up Close

    In this lesson, you will be given definitions of the sub-categories of mood disorder.

  • Lesson 7: Personality Disorders Up Close

    In this lesson, you will be given definitions of the many sub-categories of personality disorder.

  • Lesson 8: Schizophrenia Up Close

    Since schizophrenia does not have any sub-types, in this lesson you will learn more about schizophrenia.

  • Lesson 9: Sexual Disorders Up Close

    In this lesson, you will be given definitions of the many sub-categories of sexual disorder.

  • Lesson 10: Delusional Disorders Up Close

    In this lesson, you will be given definitions of the many sub-categories of delusional disorder.

  • Lesson 11: Substance Abuse Disorders Up Close

    In this lesson, you will be given definitions of the sub-categories of substance abuse disorder.

  • Lesson 12: Dissociative Disorders Up Close

    In this lesson, you will be given definitions of the sub-categories of dissociative disorder.

  • Lesson 13: The Personal Impact of Living with Mental Illness

    Living with a mental illness is, indeed, a very difficult and stressful prospect.

  • Lesson 14: Treatment Options for Abnormal Mental Illnesses

    The use of diet, exercise, and supplements has gained in popularity in recent years. It has been shown to help with mental illness, and the only side effects are a healthier mind and body.

  • Lesson 15: New Discoveries and Hope in Identification and Treatment

    New research shows that those with mental illness have different brain chemistry and genes than those who do not. These findings are helping scientists discover new ways to treat, and cure, a large variety of disorders.

  • Lesson 16: In Closing

    The first step to getting help is admitting there is a problem, and then seeking assistance in treating the problem. Bibliography and websites.

  • Additional Course Information

    • Document Your Lifelong Learning Achievements
    • Earn an Official Certificate Documenting Course Hours and CEUs
    • Verify Your Certificate with a Unique Serial Number Online
    • View and Share Your Certificate Online or Download/Print as PDF
    • Display Your Certificate on Your Resume and Promote Your Achievements Using Social Media

    Course Title: Abnormal Psychology 101

    Course Number: 7550522

    Learning Outcomes

    By successfully completing this course, students will be able to:

    • Describe what abnormal psychology is.
    • Know the history of abnormal psychology.
    • Recognize abnormal psychology types.
    • Identify anxiety disorders up close.
    • Identify eating disorders up close.
    • Identify mood disorders up close.
    • Identify personality disorders up close.
    • Identify schizophrenia up close.
    • Identify sexual disorders up close.
    • Identify delusional disorders up close.
    • Describe substance abuse disorders up close.
    • Describe dissociative disorders up close.
    • Know the personal impact of living with mental illness.
    • Identify treatment options for abnormal mental illnesses.
    • Recognize new discoveries and hope in identification and treatment, and
    • Demonstrate mastery of lesson content at levels of 70% or higher.

    Student Testimonials

    • “I loved working with the instructor. He was present with me throughout the course. He gave me feedback that truly challenged me and changed my approach to studying and delivering my findings in the exams. Being out of school for over 25 years, it was nice to have his feedback put simply, yet directly.” — Lisa M.
    • “Original Course, complex subject made easy. Informative material, easily presented. Instructor very prepared, present and kind.” — Barbara Z.
    • “I found the explanation and breakdown of the disorders to be very helpful. Although I had previously taken a Psychology class, I enjoyed learning further information about the abnormalities of the mind, how they work and ways to treat them. The most helpful part, however, was learning of these disorders, information about them and treatment. I have encountered people in my life with bipolar disorder, as well as clinical depression. I have never quite understood the disorders or what their treatment options. Now I can finally understand and carry a conversation with them regarding their condition.” — Marianna P.
    • “I enjoyed the whole course very much. I have no faults. A great instructor and would definitely like to do another course with him in the near future.” — Sarah P.
    • “I enjoyed the whole course and have learned so much from it.” — Janice S.
    • “I work in Detentions and am a Crisis negotiator so I found all of it quite helpful especially since most of the Mental Health Beds have gone away in Colorado and we are seeing more Mental Health in the Jails.” — Cheryl G.
    • “Good and courteous instructor and patient. ” — Manfredt C.
    • View More Testimonials.

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