Treating Breathing Problems in Children #cough, #bronchiolitis, #breathing #problems, #rapid #breathing, #breathing


Breathing Problems in Children

Call 911 if your child:

  • Is gasping for breath
  • Can’t cry or talk because of breathing trouble
  • Grunts when breathing
  • Has blue lips
  • May have a small object caught in her throat
  • Is breathing very fast (this is also a symptom of fever)
  • Looks very sick

Breathing problems are common in young children, but in some cases they can be serious.

Call the Doctor If Your Child:

  • Is younger than 1 year old and still has trouble breathing after you cleaned out her nose

Has bronchiolitis (a common lung infection in children) or a reactive airways disease (such as asthma or a condition like asthma ) episode

  • Has trouble breathing or is breathing very fast when not coughing
  • Has severe coughing attacks or continuous coughing
  • Is wheezing or making a high-pitched whistle sound when breathing out or in
  • Can’t take a deep breath because of chest pain or coughed-up blood
  • Has a fever that persists
  • Flares her nostrils or draws in her chest muscles to breathe
  • Is sluggish
  • Is vomiting and can’t keep fluids down
  • Has a cold that gets worse quickl
  • 1. Prevent Dehydration

    • Give babies plenty of breast milk or formula.
    • Give older children water or juice mixed with water.
    • Children may eat more slowly because of breathing problems, so give them plenty of time.

    2. Relieve Congestion

    • Thin mucus in a stuffy nose with saline nose drops.
    • Remove mucus from a baby’s nose with a suction bulb.

    3. Ease Breathing

    • Use a cool-mist humidifier near the child to add moisture to the air.
    • Sit in the bathroom with a hot shower running and have your child breathe in the steam.

    4. Make the Child Comfortable

    • Let the child rest.
    • Give children’s-formula acetaminophen (Tylenol ) to bring down a fever.
    • Keep the child away from cigarette smoke.

    WebMD Medical Reference Reviewed by Roy Benaroch, MD on September 10, 2015


    American Academy of Family Physicians: “Bronchiolitis and Your Child.”

    American Academy of Pediatrics: “Treating Bronchiolitis in Infants.”

    © 2015 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.

    NHSBT – About Cord Blood #nhs #cord #blood #bank


    NHS Cord Blood Bank

    Cord blood is the blood that remains in the placenta and umbilical cord after a baby is born. It is rich in stem cells, which can help to cure many life threatening diseases.

    The stem cells found in cord blood restore the function of the patient s immune and blood producing systems. It is an alternative to using bone marrow, with the advantage of being immediately available when required.

    Following the birth of a baby, the placenta and umbilical cord are usually thrown away along with these life saving stem cells.

    Register now if you are interested in donating your cord blood.

    A stem cell, as seen under a microscope.
    Photo: Steve Gschmeissner/Science photo library.

    Want to get in touch?
    Contact us on:

    Cord blood saved my life

    Find out why Cody needed a Cord Blood Donation when she was just 16 months old.
    Read more

    Where can I donate?

    Cord blood can be donated at Barnet General Hospital, Northwick Park Hospital, Luton Dunstable Hospital, St George s Hospital, Watford General Hospital and University College Hospital.
    Register now to donate

    Diabetes Doctors: Endocrinologist, Dietician, Eye Doctor, and More #diabetes, #diabetes #care #team,


    Your Diabetes Care Team

    Your health care team helps you manage your diabetes and maintain your good health. According to the American Diabetes Association, your diabetes care team should include:

    You: You are the most important member of your diabetes care team! Only you know how you feel. Your diabetes care team will depend on you to talk to them honestly and supply information about your body.

    Monitoring your blood sugar tells your doctors whether your current treatment is controlling your diabetes well. By checking your blood sugar levels. you can also prevent or reduce the episodes of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar ) you have.

    Primary doctor: Your primary care doctor is who you see for general checkups and when you get sick. This person is usually an internist or family medicine doctor who has experience treating people with diabetes, too.

    Because your primary care doctor is your main source of care, he or she will most likely head up your diabetes care team.

    Endocrinologist: An endocrinologist is a doctor who has special training and experience in treating people with diabetes. You should see yours regularly.

    Dietitian: A registered dietitian (RD) is trained in the field of nutrition. Food is a key part of your diabetes treatment. so yours will help you figure out your food needs based on your weight. lifestyle, medication. and other health goals (like lowering blood fat levels or blood pressure ).

    Nurse educator: A diabetes educator or diabetes nurse practitioner is a registered nurse (RN) with special training and background in caring for and teaching people with diabetes. Nurse educators often help you with the day-to-day aspects of living with diabetes.

    Eye doctor: Either an ophthalmologist (a doctor who can treat eye problems both medically and surgically) or an optometrist (someone who is trained to examine the eye for certain problems, such as how well the eye focuses; optometrists are not medical doctors) should check your eyes at least once a year. Diabetes can affect the blood vessels in the eyes. which can lead to losing your sight.

    Podiatrist: For anyone with diabetes, which can cause nerve damage in the extremities, foot care is important. A podiatrist is trained to treat feet and problems of the lower legs. These doctors have a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine (DPM) degree from a college of podiatry. They have also done a residency (hospital training) in podiatry.


    Dentist: People with diabetes are at somewhat greater, and earlier, risk of gum disease. The excess blood sugar in your mouth makes it a nice home for bacteria, which can lead to infection. You should see your dentist every 6 months. Be sure to tell your dentist that you have diabetes.

    Exercise trainer: No matter what kind of diabetes you have, exercise should play a major role in managing it. The best person to plan your fitness program. along with your doctor, is someone trained in the scientific basis of exercise and in safe conditioning methods.

    How Often Should I See My Doctor?

    People with diabetes who use insulin shots usually see their doctor at least every 3 to 4 months. People who take pills or who are managing their diabetes through diet alone should have an appointment at least every 4 to 6 months.

    You may need to go more often if your blood sugar isn’t controlled or if your complications are getting worse.

    What Does My Doctor Need to Know?

    Generally, your doctor wants to understand how well your diabetes is controlled and whether diabetic complications are starting or getting worse. Therefore, at each visit, give your doctor your home blood sugar monitoring record and tell him about any symptoms of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar ) or hyperglycemia (high blood sugar).

    Also let your doctor know about any changes in your diet, exercise, or medicines and any new illnesses you may have gotten. Tell your doctor if you’ve had symptoms of eye, nerve, kidney. or cardiovascular problems such as:

    • Blurred vision
    • Numbness or tingling in your feet
    • Persistent hand, feet, face, or leg swelling
    • Cramping or pain in the legs
    • Chest pain
    • Shortness of breath
    • Numbness or weakness on one side of your body
    • Unusual weight gain

    What Lab Tests Should I Have?

    When you have diabetes, you should get regular lab tests:

    You may need thyroid and liver tests, too.

    WebMD Medical Reference Reviewed by Michael Dansinger, MD on March 16, 2017


    American Diabetes Association: “Who’s on Your Health Care Team?”

    Rothman, R. Am J Med, 2005.

    Mangione, C. Ann InternMed. 2006.

    Synovial Fluid Analysis #synovial #fluid #analysis, # #2006 #21st #abnormal #abnormally #activities


    Synovial Fluid Analysis

    Synovial fluid analysis is a group of tests that examine joint (synovial) fluid. The tests help diagnose and treat joint-related problems.

    Alternative Names

    Joint fluid analysis; Joint fluid aspiration

    How the test is performed

    A sample of synovial fluid is needed for this test. Synovial fluid is normally a thick, straw-colored liquid found in small amounts in joints, bursae, and tendon sheaths.

    After the area is cleaned, the health care provider will insert a sterile needle through the skin and into the joint space. Once in the joint, fluid is drawn through the needle into a sterile syringe.

    The fluid sample is sent to the laboratory. The laboratory technician will check the sample’s color and clarity, and then place it under a microscope to check it for red and white blood cells, crystals (in the case of gout), and bacteria. In addition, there may be a chemical analysis, and if infection is a concern, a sample will be cultured to see if any bacteria grow.

    How to prepare for the test

    Normally, no special preparation is necessary, but contact your health care provider before the test to make sure. Tell your doctor if you are taking blood thinners, as they can affect test results.

    How the test will feel

    Occasionally, the health care provider will first inject local anesthesia with a small needle, which will sting. The aspiration is done with a larger needle and may also cause some pain. The procedure usually lasts less than one minute.

    Why the test is performed

    The test can help diagnose the cause of pain or swelling in joints. Removing the fluid can also help relieve joint pain.

    This test may be used to diagnose:

    • Gout
    • Infection
    • Other inflammatory joint conditions
    • Joint injury
    • Osteoarthritis

    What abnormal results mean

    Abnormal joint fluid may look cloudy or abnormally thick.

    Blood in the joint fluid may be a sign of injury inside the joint or a body-wide bleeding problem. An excess amount of normal synovial fluid can also be a sign of osteoarthritis.

    What the risks are

    • Infection of the joint — unusual but more common with repeated aspirations
    • Bleeding into the joint space

    Special considerations

    Ice or cold packs may be applied to the joint for 24 to 36 hours after the test to reduce the swelling and joint pain. Depending on the exact problem, you can probably resume your normal activities after the procedure. Talk to your health care provider to determine what activity is most appropriate for you.


    Knight JA, Kjeldsberg CR. Cerebrospinal, synovial, and serous body fluids. In: McPherson RA, Pincus MR, eds. Henry’s Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 21st ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2006:chap 28.

    Review Date: 7/10/2009

    The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only — they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. Copyright 2010 A.D.A.M. Inc. as modified by University of California San Francisco. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

    Information developed by A.D.A.M. Inc. regarding tests and test results may not directly correspond with information provided by UCSF Medical Center. Please discuss with your doctor any questions or concerns you may have.

    Getting Care

    Blood Bank #blood #bank #services


    Blood Bank

    If you are a veterinary hospital looking for blood products, please visit our Blood Products Services page.

    Humans aren t the only ones who need blood transfusions in emergencies. Veterinarians throughout the Portland area and beyond use DoveLewis blood products for their patients, too. There are more than 125 canine and feline Superhero volunteer donors in our program. It s one of the largest volunteer-based animal blood banks in the Pacific Northwest.

    The DoveLewis Blood Bank provides enough blood and plasma every year for more than 600 transfusions for dogs and cats. These transfusions are often lifesaving.

    Does your dog want to join our Blood Donor Superhero Team?


    • Over one year old, but less than seven years old
    • Weighs at least 55 pounds
    • Current on vaccinations and flea and heartworm control
    • Gentle disposition
    • Has never had a blood transfusion
    • Ability to make a two-year commitment
    • Must donate four times per year (but no more than six)

    Free Benefits of Becoming a Blood Donor

    • Examination information, including your dog s blood type, is entered into the DoveLewis database and shared with your family veterinarian
    • Routine blood work (complete blood analysis and chemistry profile) twice a year, and annual tick and flea-borne disease screening
    • Annual physical exam by veterinarian
    • Complimentary initial exams at DoveLewis in the event of an emergency
    • Blood transfusions for the donor, up to the number donated
    • Discounted heartworm control available for purchase
    • Yearly celebration for blood donors and retirees

    How it Works

    Your dog’s first appointment lasts 15 minutes, in which your dog will have blood drawn for blood typing, organ function screening and a complete blood cell count. They will also be temperament tested, and the program will be discussed in detail.

    If your dog is one of the blood types we use in our hospital and is healthy enough to donate blood safely, future appointments will last about 30 minutes. The actual donation process takes less than 10 minutes, in which your dog will be asked to lay on his or her side on a massage table while our phlebotomist draws blood from their jugular vein. Owners are present during the whole donation, if desired. The rest of the appointment allows our staff to welcome your dog, run a blood test to make sure they can safely donate blood that day, and have their heart listened to by a licensed veterinarian. After donating, your dog will be rewarded with praise, treats and toys. Our blood donors also get a bandana to wear proudly, showing that he or she is what we call all of our blood donors: a “Superhero.”

    If this seems like a good fit for you and your dog, please fill out this form and our staff will get back to you promptly to schedule a blood typing appointment.

    If this seems like a good fit for you and your dog, please fill out this form and our staff will get back to you promptly to schedule a blood typing appointment.

    Cat Donors

    Cats must be anesthetized in order to give blood, so we don’t ask privately owned cats to become blood donors. All of our blood donor cats live in the homes of DoveLewis staff members or local veterinary professionals. We only use feline blood donors owned by veterinary professionals, because they recognize and understand that, although rare, there are potential risks of sedating animals on a regular basis and the necessity to prevent their cat’s enjoyment of the outdoors in an effort to prevent disease, virus, infection, etc.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Why is the blood bank needed?
    All too often, injured or sick animals require blood transfusions as part of their treatment. DoveLewis provides blood products to veterinarians across the Portland Metro area, as well as throughout the state. Our blood bank supplies enough for 600 blood transfusions each year, but even that’s not enough. Without the participation of canine blood donors, animals in need might not be able to receive critical transfusions in time.

    Do dogs and cats have different blood types?
    Yes. Today, the veterinary community has not only recognized the many different blood groups for canines, but our understanding of what exactly happens to an animal when a transfusion is administered has revolutionized how we can be certain we are providing the right therapy for patients. There are over a dozen blood group systems that have been recognized in dogs; however, only six are clinically significant. These are referred to as dog erythrocyte antigens, with the abbreviation DEA followed by a number. So far, the recognized blood types in dogs are DEA 1:1, 1:2, 3, 4, 5, and 7. Basic blood types include DEA 1:1 negative and DEA 1:1 positive, while complete blood typing reveals if a canine is also positive or negative for the remaining antigens 3-7. DEA negative is the most common blood type; however, only one of the negative types is a true universal and that is DEA 4. For this reason, DEA 4 is the most beneficial blood type and the main blood type we screen for. Both positive and negative dogs are still eligible to donate. However, because positive blood types are not as common, we only need a limited number of positive donors. Cats on the other hand, have just two basic blood types, type “A” and “B.” Type “A” is much more common; 95% of housecats in America have type “A” blood. A third, type “AB,” is extremely rare.

    If you are unable to make your scheduled appointment, please call to notify our Blood Bank by phone at 971.255.5920, or through email. (JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address) .

    Blood Bank Program Director
    Jill Greene, CVT

    Supervising Veterinarian
    Ladan Mohammad-Zadeh, DVM, DACVECC

    Stem Cell Treatment #stem #cell #treatment, #cord #blood #treatment


    Stem Cell Treatments for 80 Diseases

    Blood Disorders

    1. Acute Myelofibrosis
    2. Agnogenic Myeloid Metaplasia (Myelofibrosis)
    3. Amyloidosis
    4. Aplastic Anemia (Severe)
    5. Beta Thalassemia Major
    6. Blackfan-Diamond Anemia
    7. Congenital Amegakaryocytic Thrombocytopenia (CAT)
    8. Congenital Cytopenia
    9. Congenital Dyserythropoietic Anemia
    10. Dyskeratosis Congenita
    11. Essential Thrombocythemia
    1. Fanconi Anemia
    2. Glanzmann s Thrombasthenia
    3. Myelodysplastic Syndrome
    4. Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH)
    5. Polycythemia Vera
    6. Pure Red Cell Aplasia
    7. Refractory Anemia with Excess Blasts (RAEB)
    8. Refractory Anemia with Excess Blasts in Transition (RAEB-T)
    9. Refractory Anemia with Ringed Sideroblasts (RARS)
    10. Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome
    11. Sickle Cell Disease


    1. Acute Biphenotypic Leukemia
    2. Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL)
    3. Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)
    4. Acute Undifferentiated Leukemia
    5. Adult T Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma
    6. Chronic Active Epstein Barr
    7. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)
    8. Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)
    9. Ewing Sarcoma
    10. Hodgkin s Lymphoma
    11. Juvenile Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (JCML)
    12. Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia (JMML)
    1. Myeloid/Natural Killer (NK) Cell PrecursorAcute Leukemia
    2. Non-Hodgkin s Lymphoma
    3. Prolymphocytic Leukemia
    4. Plasma Cell Leukemia
    5. Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia (CMML)
    6. Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency
    7. Multiple Myeloma
    8. Neuroblastoma
    9. Rhabdomyosarcoma
    10. Thymoma (Thymic Carcinoma)
    11. Waldenstrom s Macroglobulinemia
    12. Wilms Tumor
    13. Immune Disorders

      1. Adenosine Deaminase Deficiency (SCID)
      2. Bare Lymphocyte Syndrome (SCID)
      3. Chediak-Higashi Syndrome (SCID)
      4. Chronic Granulomatous Disease
      5. Congenital Neutropenia
      6. DiGeorge Syndrome
      7. Evans Syndrome
      8. Fucosidosis
      9. Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis (HLH)
      10. Hemophagocytosis Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (Histiocytosis X)
      11. IKK Gamma Deficiency (NEMO Deficiency)
      12. Immune Dysregulation, Polyendocrinopathy, Enteropathy, X-linked (IPEX) Syndrome
      1. Kostmann Syndrome (SCID)
      2. Myelokathexis
      3. Omenn Syndrome (SCID)
      4. Phosphorylase Deficiency (SCID)
      5. Purine Nucleoside (SCID)
      6. Reticular Dysgenesis (SCID)
      7. Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Diseases (SCID)
      8. Thymic Dysplasia
      9. Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome
      10. X-linked Agammaglobulinemia
      11. X-Linked Lymphoproliferative Disorder
      12. X-Linked Hyper IgM Syndrome
      13. Metabolic Disorders

        1. Congenital Erythropoietic Porphyria (Gunther Disease)
        2. Gaucher Disease
        3. Hunter Syndrome (MPS-II)
        4. Hurler Syndrome (MPS-IH)
        5. Krabbe Disease
        6. Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome
        7. Mannosidosis
        8. Maroteaux-Lamy Syndrome (MPS-VI)
        9. Metachromatic Leukodystrophy
        10. Mucolipidosis II (I-cell Disease)
        1. Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis (Batten Disease)
        2. Niemann-Pick Disease
        3. Sandhoff Disease
        4. Sanfilippo Syndrome (MPS-III)
        5. Scheie Syndrome (MPS-IS)
        6. Sly Syndrome (MPS-VII)
        7. Tay Sachs
        8. Wolman Disease
        9. X-Linked Adrenoleukodystrophy

        See the full list: How CBR Families Have Used Their Stem Cells

        Exciting story from CNN: Stem cells offer hope for autism. Learn More

        About Cord Blood Registry

        Cord Blood Registry (CBR ) is the world s largest newborn stem cell company. Founded in 1992, CBR is entrusted by parents with storing samples from more than 500,000 children. CBR is dedicated to advancing the clinical application of cord blood and cord tissue stem cells by partnering with institutions to establish FDA-regulated clinical trials for conditions that have no cure today.

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