Synovial Fluid Analysis #synovial #fluid #analysis, # #2006 #21st #abnormal #abnormally #activities


Synovial Fluid Analysis

Synovial fluid analysis is a group of tests that examine joint (synovial) fluid. The tests help diagnose and treat joint-related problems.

Alternative Names

Joint fluid analysis; Joint fluid aspiration

How the test is performed

A sample of synovial fluid is needed for this test. Synovial fluid is normally a thick, straw-colored liquid found in small amounts in joints, bursae, and tendon sheaths.

After the area is cleaned, the health care provider will insert a sterile needle through the skin and into the joint space. Once in the joint, fluid is drawn through the needle into a sterile syringe.

The fluid sample is sent to the laboratory. The laboratory technician will check the sample’s color and clarity, and then place it under a microscope to check it for red and white blood cells, crystals (in the case of gout), and bacteria. In addition, there may be a chemical analysis, and if infection is a concern, a sample will be cultured to see if any bacteria grow.

How to prepare for the test

Normally, no special preparation is necessary, but contact your health care provider before the test to make sure. Tell your doctor if you are taking blood thinners, as they can affect test results.

How the test will feel

Occasionally, the health care provider will first inject local anesthesia with a small needle, which will sting. The aspiration is done with a larger needle and may also cause some pain. The procedure usually lasts less than one minute.

Why the test is performed

The test can help diagnose the cause of pain or swelling in joints. Removing the fluid can also help relieve joint pain.

This test may be used to diagnose:

  • Gout
  • Infection
  • Other inflammatory joint conditions
  • Joint injury
  • Osteoarthritis

What abnormal results mean

Abnormal joint fluid may look cloudy or abnormally thick.

Blood in the joint fluid may be a sign of injury inside the joint or a body-wide bleeding problem. An excess amount of normal synovial fluid can also be a sign of osteoarthritis.

What the risks are

  • Infection of the joint — unusual but more common with repeated aspirations
  • Bleeding into the joint space

Special considerations

Ice or cold packs may be applied to the joint for 24 to 36 hours after the test to reduce the swelling and joint pain. Depending on the exact problem, you can probably resume your normal activities after the procedure. Talk to your health care provider to determine what activity is most appropriate for you.


Knight JA, Kjeldsberg CR. Cerebrospinal, synovial, and serous body fluids. In: McPherson RA, Pincus MR, eds. Henry’s Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 21st ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2006:chap 28.

Review Date: 7/10/2009

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only — they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. Copyright 2010 A.D.A.M. Inc. as modified by University of California San Francisco. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

Information developed by A.D.A.M. Inc. regarding tests and test results may not directly correspond with information provided by UCSF Medical Center. Please discuss with your doctor any questions or concerns you may have.

Getting Care

10 Acupressure Points to Relieve Knee Pain #acupressure #points #for #knee #joint


10 Acupressure Points to Relieve Knee Pain

Knee pain is a common occurrence that appears to be happening more often in recent years. This’s thought to be the result of an increase in activity, and longevity.

There’re many things that can cause knee pain. Torn tendons and ligaments are one of them.

Sometimes the cartilage, soft tissue in your knee breaks down from normal use. This causes your bones to rub against each other, which causes knee pain to occur.

Knee disorders can cause pain. Some might include bursitis, tendonitis, iliotibial band syndrome, osteoarthritis, Osgood, dislocated kneecap, and plica syndrome.

Besides pain these disorders can cause inflammation and swelling in and around the knee joint.

Sometimes if an injury didn’t heal correctly, or wasn’t taken care of properly, it can cause pain.


The doctor might advise you to use heat. or ice on the affected area to help relieve pain and swelling. Many suggest RICE Rest, ice, compression and elevation.

He might suggest you start taking an NSAIDS non-steroid anti-inflammatory agents. This too reduce pain and swelling. He might also suggest an NSAID topical cream.

If the swelling is bad enough, the doctor might decide to do cortisone shots in the affected area.

He might suggest using some sort of assistive devices like crutches, or cane when you’re mobile. He might suggest using a brace to keep the knee immobilized while it heals.

He might order a stronger pain medicine and perhaps an oral steroid like prednisone to reduce the pain and swelling. Bracoo Breathable Neoprene Knee Support, One Size, Black,Manufactured by: Yasco


There are other pain relief treatment options. Two of them are acupuncture and acupressure.

With acupuncture, the doctor will insert small needles into certain areas of the body. This will help alleviate pain and other disorders you might be experiencing.

People assume this treatment begin in early china around 1100 BC. This type of treatment’s believed to correct the imbalance in the flow qi.

It’s also thought that the needles stimulate the body into releasing chemicals, which relieves pain and helps the body heal itself.


Acupressure was first established in Asia thousands of years ago. With the use of pressure point massage, it encourages the body to heal itself balancing and using its own natural energy.

It’s similar to acupuncture because it utilizes the same pressure points. Acupressure uses slight pressure and massage where acupuncture uses small needles.

It has shown to help with poor circulation, stress related disorders. and helps boost the immune system. It also helps purify the body of harmful toxins.

Some use it to tonemuscles and to obtain better health and overall beauty. Others use it for fibromyalgia, chronic muscle pain, fatigue, recover from addiction, emotional disturbances, learning disabilities, and trauma.

It’s also used as a beauty regimen. Over time, your skin loses elasticity from the normal day activities, this causes wrinkles to form.

Using these pressure point areas will enhance muscle tone in the face and other surrounding areas, while it increases blood circulation.

By massaging these areas, with the use of facial exercises, you’ll repair the elasticity in the muscles, which reduces wrinkles. Massaging the area, releases toxins from your skin which helps with appearance.

Acupressure also helps with sexual arousal, duration and sexual pleasure. By touching, kissing and massages these areas during intercourse, you unblock sexual energy, which enhances the overall experience. Acupressure is known to help with infertility.

Acupressure can be used for back pain relief. The pressure areas are located on both sides of your spine. Placing tennis balls against these areas, help relieve the pain.

Stress, fatigue, tension and worrying can disorders to occur. Sometimes these things will exacerbate symptoms of an existing disorders, Acupressure can help alleviate these things by restoring the body’s natural energy balance.

The Top 10 Acupressure Points to Helps Relieve Knee Pain

This area’s is located just behind the knee on either side. Use your index finger and your pointer finger to apply pressure, hold for ten minutes. This decrease knee pain, edema muscle cramps, tension and varicose veins.

This area’s located underneath the knee cap on the outside of your leg. Massage the area in a circular motion for five. You can add a little pressure if you like.

It’s located on the outside crease of a bent knee. Apply pressure in a circular motion, for ten minutes. This decreases pain and stiffness.

Apply pressure on the middle area behind the knee, at the knee joint crease. This helps relieve back pain, sciatica pain, knee stiffness and arthritis

This is two inches, or four fingers down from the knee cap, and a finger width toward the outside. Putting pressure on this area will stop knee pain, help with muscle tone and strengthen your body.

This pressure point is inside the knee at the end of the bent knee crease. It relieves pain and swelling of the knee and fibroids.

This pressure points located on the outer lower leg, below and in front of the head of the shin bone. It helps with muscle tension, strain aches and knee pain.

Take two fingers, and place them on the edge of the crease in your knee, in the hollow area between the two tendons. Slowly move your fingers up and down as you apply a small amount of pressure.

Do this for 7 minutes, repeating three times a day. This relieves tension around your knee, abdominal pain and disorders of the genital.

This point’s located on the bottom of your foot. It runs from the bottom of your big toe to your heal. Massage for ten minutes to relieve back pain.

You can find this one finger length down from your ankle bone. With a small amount of pressure, massage in an up and down motion with your thumb for five minutes.


Rehabilitation Clinics #rehabilitation #services, #physical #therapy, #occupational #therapy, #audiology, #speech #pathology, #therapist,


Rehabilitation Clinics

St. Vincent offers a wide range of traditional and highly specialized rehabilitation services for medical conditions affecting children and adults of all ages. Therapy services are delivered by our team of dedicated, licensed clinicians in many locations throughout Central Indiana. We apply best-in-care protocols to evaluation and rehab of a disabling condition, and use the latest technologies to aid in your recovery.

For Indianapolis area service, contact rehabilitation centralized scheduling at 317-338-LIVE (5483) for:

  • Audiology
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Physical Therapy
  • Speech Pathology

Our rehabilitation services are very comprehensive and can apply to the treatment of many medical conditions. Many of our clinicians have additional training and experience that supports specific fields of medicine:

  • Cancer care
  • Cardiovascular/stroke rehab
  • Ear, nose and throat
  • Geriatric/senior health
  • Neurology
  • Occupational health (work injuries)
  • Orthopedics
  • Pediatric sub-specialists
  • Perinatal (maternal, fetal, neonatal) care
  • Post-acute care / Healthy Transitions
  • Sports medicine
  • Women’s health/ pelvic health
  • Wound healing

St. Vincent Physical Therapy is designated as a Center of Excellence by Focus on Therapeutic Outcomes (FOTO).

St. Vincent is also the site for several related residency and fellowship programs:

  • Orthopedic Physical Therapy Residency and Fellowship programs
  • Sports Physical Therapy Residency through Evidence in Motion®