What s a Good SAT Score for College Admissions in 2017? #sat


Are Your SAT Scores Good Enough?

More SAT Comparison Tables

  • The Ivy League. This article compares SAT scores for Brown, Columbia, Cornell, Dartmouth, Harvard, Penn, Princeton and Yale.
  • Top Private Universities (non-Ivy). See comparison data for universities such as Vanderbilt, Johns Hopkins, and Stanford.
  • Top Liberal Arts Colleges. Here s some SAT comparison data for highly selective liberal arts colleges such as Amherst, Grinnell, Pomona, and Williams.
  • Top Public Universities. High selectivity isn t limited to private institutions. Here you ll SAT data for selective public universities such as UCLA, Michigan and UVA.
  • More SAT Score Tables. We have over 100 SAT score comparison tables on ThoughtCo. Follow this link to see scores for different states, athletic conferences, and other types of colleges and universities

More SAT Articles

  • Subject Test Score Information: It s important to realize that average scores in the subject tests tend to be significantly higher than for the regular SAT. This is because a stronger pool of students tends to take subject tests. Learn more for these subjects: Biology | Chemistry | Literature | Math | Physics

Grammar Tip of the Day

Discover grammar tips, writing help, and fun English language facts.

  • A to Z College Profiles —Get SAT (and ACT) score information for well over 1,000 colleges and universities.
  • Low SAT Scores? What Now? —Learn strategies for getting into a good college even when your SAT scores aren t ideal.
  • 20 Great Colleges for Not-So-Great Scores —If you have middling SAT scores but are a strong student, you ll still find plenty of excellent college options.
  • Test-Optional Colleges —Hundreds of colleges and universities recognize that a single high-pressure test is a poor measure of an applicant s potential. These colleges and universities don t use SAT scores in the admissions process.
  • Review: Kaplan Complete SAT Prep

A Final Word About SAT Scores

SAT scores aren t the most important part of a college application (your academic record is), but aside from colleges that are test-optional. they can play a big role in a school s admissions decision. Mediocre scores aren t going to cut it at the country s most selective colleges and universities. This article provides information and links for figuring what scores you re likely to need for different schools. If the ACT is your better exam, realize that you can almost always use either exam. This ACT version of this article can help guide you.

Nearly all colleges and universities make their SAT data public, and selective schools know that their reputations often depend upon high numbers. A college won’t be considered “highly selective” or “elite” if its students have an average SAT math score of 470, and selectivity is often one of the factors used in national rankings of schools.

Finally, if you explore the A to Z college profiles. you ll find that some schools report critical reading and math scores, but not the writing scores. This is because the writing part of the exam never fully caught on when it was introduced in 2005, and many schools still do not use it in their admissions decisions. And when the redesigned SAT rolled out in 2016, the writing section became an optional part of the exam. In the near future, we will probably cease to see SAT writing score data for most colleges.

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Synovial Fluid Analysis #synovial #fluid #analysis, # #2006 #21st #abnormal #abnormally #activities


Synovial Fluid Analysis

Synovial fluid analysis is a group of tests that examine joint (synovial) fluid. The tests help diagnose and treat joint-related problems.

Alternative Names

Joint fluid analysis; Joint fluid aspiration

How the test is performed

A sample of synovial fluid is needed for this test. Synovial fluid is normally a thick, straw-colored liquid found in small amounts in joints, bursae, and tendon sheaths.

After the area is cleaned, the health care provider will insert a sterile needle through the skin and into the joint space. Once in the joint, fluid is drawn through the needle into a sterile syringe.

The fluid sample is sent to the laboratory. The laboratory technician will check the sample’s color and clarity, and then place it under a microscope to check it for red and white blood cells, crystals (in the case of gout), and bacteria. In addition, there may be a chemical analysis, and if infection is a concern, a sample will be cultured to see if any bacteria grow.

How to prepare for the test

Normally, no special preparation is necessary, but contact your health care provider before the test to make sure. Tell your doctor if you are taking blood thinners, as they can affect test results.

How the test will feel

Occasionally, the health care provider will first inject local anesthesia with a small needle, which will sting. The aspiration is done with a larger needle and may also cause some pain. The procedure usually lasts less than one minute.

Why the test is performed

The test can help diagnose the cause of pain or swelling in joints. Removing the fluid can also help relieve joint pain.

This test may be used to diagnose:

  • Gout
  • Infection
  • Other inflammatory joint conditions
  • Joint injury
  • Osteoarthritis

What abnormal results mean

Abnormal joint fluid may look cloudy or abnormally thick.

Blood in the joint fluid may be a sign of injury inside the joint or a body-wide bleeding problem. An excess amount of normal synovial fluid can also be a sign of osteoarthritis.

What the risks are

  • Infection of the joint — unusual but more common with repeated aspirations
  • Bleeding into the joint space

Special considerations

Ice or cold packs may be applied to the joint for 24 to 36 hours after the test to reduce the swelling and joint pain. Depending on the exact problem, you can probably resume your normal activities after the procedure. Talk to your health care provider to determine what activity is most appropriate for you.


Knight JA, Kjeldsberg CR. Cerebrospinal, synovial, and serous body fluids. In: McPherson RA, Pincus MR, eds. Henry’s Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 21st ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2006:chap 28.

Review Date: 7/10/2009

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only — they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. Copyright 2010 A.D.A.M. Inc. as modified by University of California San Francisco. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

Information developed by A.D.A.M. Inc. regarding tests and test results may not directly correspond with information provided by UCSF Medical Center. Please discuss with your doctor any questions or concerns you may have.

Getting Care

Mika Brzezinski: A psychiatrist needs to examine Trump #psychiatrist #education #needed



Mika Brzezinski: A psychiatrist needs to examine Trump

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The time has come for a mental health professional to take a look at Donald Trump on the air, MSNBC’s Mika Brzezinski said Monday during a frank discussion of the Republican nominee’s well-being.

Brzezinski began Morning Joe by noting tweets sent from Trump’s account Saturday over the death from gun violence of a cousin of basketball star Dwyane Wade, in which Trump declared that African-American voters will support him, pointing to the shooting in Chicago as a symptom that he will solve.

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Morning Joe devoted a significant portion of its opening block to discussing Trump’s mental health, a day after President Barack Obama’s former campaign manager David Plouffe described Trump as a psychopath .

You know, I think at other stages of other campaigns a network might be snarky and, like, get a psychiatrist out, Brzezinski said, after former Vermont governor and Democratic National Committee chair Howard Dean said Trump exhibited traits of narcissism.

Brzezinski, who Trump has called crazy and neurotic, remarked that it’s time to hear from somebody in the mental health community, to look at this person who has been on television for months and to give us a sense of what we have going on here.

And, I’m sorry, let’s just not — let’s stop pretending we’re dealing with someone who we can completely understand, Brzezinski said. And when you see someone who you think has problems, you know it. And there’s not anybody at this table who doesn’t think he has some sort of problem. Let’s ask the questions. Let’s do this at this point. Let’s set up someone and ask the … questions.

Brzezinski then asked, Does anyone think that’s completely outlandish and only because I have some sort of weird, snarky slant to it and I want to be smart? I think there’s an issue there.

First of all, a psychiatrist cannot come on and diagnose somebody, co-host Joe Scarborough said.

No, but they can talk about the character traits that we are seeing repetitively here, Brzezinski offered.

Plouffe misspoke, Scarborough added, suggesting that he should have said sociopath.

When Princeton professor Eddie Glaude Jr. urged caution in describing Trump as either, Brzezinski remarked, I don’t want to describe him as anything.

When we do that we kind of suggest that he is this singular figure. Right? That something’s wrong with him, Glaude explained. When we do that, it makes it easier for us to kind of account for him. In fact, when we see all of these folks who are supporting Trump, we hear all of this stuff all around the country. And we can’t say that he’s just, something’s mentally wrong with him as an easy way to dismiss him.

Brzezinski responded, I’ve been asked hundreds of times.

I want to understand more fundamentally, right. What’s going on in the country that would lead us to have him as an option in the first place, Glaude said.

Plouffe: We have a psychopath running for president

President Barack Obama s former campaign manager David Ploufee on NBC New s Meet the Press told host Chuck Todd that Donald Trump fits the clinical definition of a psychopath.

Former Ted Cruz spokesman Rick Tyler suggested later in the segment that all candidates should have full mental health evaluations as a condition of service.

Well, here’s the thing, though. We look at mental health much differently than we did in years past. We don’t require people to use firearms and serve in the military with mental health issues, and we do require it, well I don’t know if we require it, but we always have seen presidential medical records, Tyler said. Why not, why not a mental health evaluation?

Brzezinski, seizing upon that question, added, also, it shouldn’t be something that is in the shadows.

Mental health is just like diabetes or any other physical health. This is not something I’m making a joke about, Brzezinski said. I’m very serious. And I’ve been asked hundreds of times and so have you, she said, turning to Scarborough.

Her co-host then brought up the historical example of psychiatrists declaring GOP nominee Barry Goldwater unfit for office in 1964, which led the American Psychiatric Association to make a rule against professionals making diagnoses about public figures they have not personally evaluated.

Totally agree, but we can ask someone very high up in the mental health community about traits we have seen repeatedly over time, Brzezinski responded, adding minutes later that she was not calling on a mental health professional to make an on-air diagnosis. That is never what I meant when we had this conversation. But at this point I have been asked so many times that I think it’s worth asking someone in the mental health community if this is someone you’d want to — are these signs of something that perhaps could lead to a diagnosis? We’ve seen enough of him. It’s repetitive. It’s consistent.

Scarborough took more generously to the idea of bringing on mental health professionals who can describe certain traits in people and then have them talk about, like —

I think we’re there, Brzezinski said, to which her co-host followed, it doesn’t have to be about Donald Trump, suggesting a fictional name of Amnesty Don.

Amid laughter, Brzezinski remarked, I don’t think it’s funny.

I think it’s easier for us and safer for us to infer from his actions and words something about his character, Glaude said. It’s easier for us to stay on that ground than to try to attribute something to his mental health.

Scarborough said, Exactly.

But is there anyone here at this table who has not been asked about it? Brzezinski pressed.

We’ve all been asked. Even by our children, Scarborough said, as he tried to make the tease for the commercial break.

Brzezinski responded, Sorry, that’s just the way it goes. It’s the truth. I’m neurotic.

Some people are saying that, Bloomberg Politics’ John Heilemann deadpanned.

That I’m neurotic? Brzezinski asked. Well, that’s accurate.

Scarborough remarked, That’s going back a long ways.

That’s like yesterday’s news, Brzezinski said.

You don’t have to have a sociopath tweet that. Right? Not like I don’t know who would. But if a sociopath did. Some people would say if they did, you know. But anyway, Scarborough said.

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