Car Recycling Process-Where Cars Go To Die, car recycling process.#Car #recycling #process


Car Recycling Process-Where Cars Go To Die

Car recycling process

The State/Federal Government can take a cue from this:Nothing is wasted

Car recycling process

Below is a basic outline of the steps that auto recyclers take when they embark on recycling a vehicle

First of all, a car recycling facility inspects the junk car to check whether or not the car is more valuable to repair than to recycle.If the repairing looks unprofitable,the recycling facility then proceeds with dismantling and recycling.

Depolution And Dismantling

The first step involves removal use able parts such as of tyres and car batteries. These parts of the car are removed manually.

Car recycling process

Once this is complete the next stage is to safely drain away any fuel,oil, and any other liquids that are often present. The catalytic converters and batteries are removed for recycling.

For safety reasons it’s not advised to reuse the airbag system so the airbags are safely triggered and taken apart.

Some bits of the vehicle can simply be reused as spares,car parts are only stored for reuse if they are in working condition and there is demand for these pre-used parts in the open market.

Often car engines can be and are re-manufactured to a brand new standard but that’s only if the particular model is on demand for spares.

In most cases, any unwanted gear boxes, engines, and other steel car parts are dismantled to prepare them for separate shredding.

The ferrous metal material that is recovered after dismantling is sent to steel mills for use as ferrous scrap input.

This material can also be used as feed stock to produce high quality steel. Anything from new cars to bicycles and drinks cans can be made from recycled metals left over from the car recycling process.

Dismantling and crushing a car(crusher)

Different types of shredders

Crushing and Shredding Vehicles

Car recycling process

Car recycling process

Once all the recyclable car parts except metals such as iron and steel are sorted out and stored or sold, the only thing that remains is car body which includes different metals. The car body is then crushed and shredded to reduce into a golf ball sized metal chunk.

Car recycling process

Once the shredding is complete,magnets are used to select iron,steel and other ferrous metals from the shredded material.Other established techniques are applied to separate the rest of the non-ferrous metals.

The remaining shredding residue is still useful and can be used to produce new materials for many different industrial applications. In the past, this residue that is made up of textile fibres, plastics, and glass and even rust usually ended up on landfills. This has changed over the years as recycle technology evolves. Material separation technology has advanced and it is now possible to sort the shredded materials ensuring a practically zero landfill process.

Other components of the vehicles are made up from different types of plastics and foam etc. When the shredded materials are separated, three products are generated including hard plastics, shredder fibres, and shredder sand. The hard plastics come from the car dashboard and its other interior components. The shredder fabric consists of shredded carpets and seat cushions while the shredder sand consists of paint particles, glass, and other fine particles.

There are many uses for the left over materials, hard plastics can be used as reducing agents in iron production plants.

The granules can be added into molten iron ore and this helps eliminate oxygen. Quality iron is obtained once the oxygen is removed. This helps to reduce the use of heavy oils and coke as reducing agents during iron production.

These two agents are fossil-based and they release a lot of sulphur dioxide and carbon dioxide into the environment, so any way of reducing this is vital. The shredder fibres are sometimes used in sewage treatment plants amongst other uses. These fibres can be introduced into sewage sludge to help it solidify. The fibres are a good alternative to coal, which is a non-renewable resource.

Car recycling process

Once the sewage sludge solidifies, the mixture is placed into a filter press to get rid of water, forming cakes. These cakes are then placed into incinerators and used to produce power and heat(electricity).

Over all recycling a car,van or any other vehicle has many financial benefits as well as environmental ones too.

Nigerian Scrap market below-Owode Onirin

Car recycling process

Car recycling process

8 Things You Didn – t Know You Could Do With Coconut


You probably have a jar of unrefined, extra-virgin coconut oil in your kitchen; I know I do. Coconut oil is one of the healthiest oils to use for cooking and baking. It’s made up of medium chain triglycerides which, unlike the long chain triglycerides of animal fats, are metabolized more quickly in the body. That means increased fat burning potential. Coconut oil boosts energy levels, raises good cholesterol, and balances blood sugar. Coconut oil has a high smoke-point which means you can use it for cooking with high temperatures and it won’t break down into harmful compounds. Coconut oil is also great for baking; use it in place of any oil or butter listed in a recipe.

But did you know that you should also have a bottle of coconut oil in your bathroom, your bedroom, the nursery and even the dog house? Ok, if you’re like me, your whole house is the dog house, but you know what I mean. Coconut oil has so many uses for every aspect of your life cooking, health, medicinal care, beauty care, hygiene, pet care and even those intimate moments. That’s right, coconut oil has properties that are anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal, antimicrobial and anti-almost everything else. It’s an immune system’s dream. It’s amazing that one product, especially one that is completely natural and chemical-free, can do so much. Here are just eight of the many ways you can use coconut oil in ways other than cooking.

1. Face and Body Moisturizer

Got dry, flaky, chapped skin? Get a bottle of coconut oil. You can use coconut oil on your face and body as a natural moisturizer. It’s able to penetrate all the layers of your skin and because it gets absorbed so well, coconut oil won’t leave your skin feeling oily and greasy. Coconut oil boosts collagen production, so it strengthens underlying tissues and helps prevent wrinkles. Rub it in all over your body by itself or mix in some essential oils for a soothing, aromatherapy experience. Use it on your face instead of those high-priced moisturizers you buy at the drugstore. Coconut oil is gentle enough to use around your eyes and is perfect for keeping your lips soft, smooth and kissable.

2. Body Scrub

Take a bottle of coconut oil into the bath or shower with you and use it as a body scrub. You can use it as is or mix the coconut oil together with an equal amount of sugar or baking soda to turn it into an exfoliating experience. Gently scrub your body with it to remove rough and flaky, dry skin. Your body will not only be soft and smooth but it will be glowing.

3. Oral Hygiene

Have you heard about this trend called “oil pulling ?” It may be a current trend right now, but it is actually an ancient Ayurvedic dental technique also known as “kavala” or “gundusha.” Basically, you put a tablespoon of oil in your mouth on an empty stomach and swish it around for 20 minutes. You then spit it out into the trash (it can clog the drain).The purpose is to draw out toxins from your body, improve oral health, and it’s even said to help headaches, hangovers and insomnia. How does it do this? Apparently, our bodies store toxins in our salivary glands, which get drawn into the oil. When we spit out the oil, we also spit out the toxins. While there seems to be more anecdotal than scientific reports, some people really think it helps. The antibacterial and antifungal properties of coconut oil can definitely benefit one’s oral hygiene. Coconut oil contains vitamin E, which acts as an antioxidant and makes it an effective, natural mouthwash. You can also use it as toothpaste by mixing the coconut oil with some baking soda. Whiter teeth and healthier gums await you.

4. Make-Up Remover

I used to buy those make-up remover cloths. You know the ones I mean, they come in those little boxes and are saturated with who-knows-what chemicals. They were the only things that could remove my waterproof mascara, although it was still a struggle. Well, guess what? Coconut oil is a gentle make-up remover that is totally natural and can even remove waterproof mascara. Just put some coconut oil on a cloth or cotton ball, gently wipe your make-up off and then rinse your face clean.

5. Hair Conditioner

Every notice how many hair conditioners have coconut oil in them? Just as coconut oil can penetrate layers of skin, it can also penetrate hair. Use it as a deep conditioner that you leave on your hair for an extended time to moisturize it. You can rub it into your hair as is or you can heat the oil to melt it into a liquid – just be sure to let it cool off first. Leave it on your hair anywhere from 20 minutes to overnight. Then wash and style your hair as usual. Your hair should be soft, silky and shiny.

6. Pet Health

As long as you’re making your coat all soft and shiny, why not do the same for your fur baby? I give my dog, Benny, a spoon of coconut oil mixed into his food every day. It improves the health of his skin and coat. Coconut oil can also aid pets’ digestion, joint health and improve their breath. In addition to feeding coconut oil to our cats and dogs, it also has benefits when applied topically. Brushing some coconut oil into a dog’s coat can also ward off fleas. The antibacterial and antifungal properties of coconut oil make it good for disinfecting cuts, soothing rashes and hot spots and promoting healing of wounds.

7. Heal Cuts, Sunburns and Rashes

People get rashes and hot spots too, and coconut oil can help. Since coconut oil promotes collagen production, it can help repair skin cells, meaning our cuts and rashes will heal faster. The antibacterial properties make coconut oil ideal for preventing infection in small cuts and lacerations. Use it on your skin to help sooth sunburn and prevent peeling.

As it is a natural moisturizer, coconut oil, together with a drop or two of lavender oil, will heal your burns so that your skin doesn’t peel. Use daily on your skin, and it will heal in just a fraction of the time that you were used to. Coconut oil promotes collagen production and repairs the skin cells. It’s also a gentle and natural way to soothe a baby’s diaper rash and make their tushies smell like coconut. Win-win.

8. Massage Oil and Personal Lubricant

When it comes to getting personal, coconut oil is a natural option you might want to consider. Its ability to penetrate skin and provide all that vitamin E makes it a wonderful massage oil. And since coconut oil is solid at room temperature, it is way less messy than liquid oils. However, you can heat the coconut oil for a warm, liquid massage oil that smells like the tropics. Coconut oil can also be used as a personal lubricant since it is completely natural with no parabens, petroleum, glycerin or chemicals. Added bonus: coconut oil won’t stain the sheets.

Whew! These are just 8 ways in which you can use coconut oil in your life, and that’s just skimming the surface. I didn’t even get to using it as furniture polish. Go out and get yourself some unrefined, extra-virgin coconut oil and discover all the ways it can benefit you. Check out “5 Amazing DIY Hacks with Coconut Oil ” for video instruction. How do you like to use coconut oil? Share your ideas in the comments.

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To compete in the salvage industry today, you need smart tools that can help you effectively run your business and sell parts. Checkmate is the inventory management system recyclers choose to manage their business, maintain their inventory and sell more parts quickly, efficiently, and proactively.

Checkmate is a robust product that provides many powerful features. It also integrates with many of our other products, giving you a true end-to-end workflow.

Checkmate Workstation gives you access to many Checkmate and Car-Part tools from within one program, and these tools help you increase sales and improve your business’s efficiency. Checkmate Workstation “houses” all of our Checkmate products and services in one window so it’s a snap to access and switch between programs:

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“Just did a 128 part sale today (all cores) using Checkmate Sales Pro. It’s amazing how much time it saves. The interface is much more user friendly and understandable than my experiences with other options. Keep up the great work!”

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J and J Auto Wrecking
Marshallville, OH

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Fabrication is the process used to manufacture steelwork components that will, when assembled and joined, form a complete frame. The frame generally uses readily available standard sections that are purchased from the steelmaker or steel stockholder, together with such items as protective coatings and bolts from other specialist suppliers.

Although a wide range of section shapes and sizes are produced, the designer may find that the required section size is not available. In this case, built-up girders may be fabricated from plate. Sections and plate girders may also be strengthened by stiffening the web or flanges depending upon the load to be carried.

Most modern steelwork fabrication factories have computer aided design and detailing (CAD) which is linked directly to factory floor computer numerically controlled (CNC) machinery creating a genuine CAD/CAM environment. The accuracy of the computer generated details being transmitted directly to the computer aided manufacturing (CAM) machinery increases the quality standards of production

The fact that machinery has taken over from the tape measure means that the frame is produced to high quality standards which are reflected in the speed and accuracy of steel erection on site. This results in significant benefits both to the client and main contractor.

CAD/CAM machinery
(Image courtesy of Paddy Wall Sons)


[top ] Design for economic fabrication

There are a number of general “technical” factors to consider in terms of design for economic fabrication that apply to most building projects. Some relate to the complexity of the particular project, whilst others are specific to the type of project, e.g. multi-storey. portals. trusses.

[top ] Specification

Conformance with the National Structural Steelwork Specification for Building Construction (NSSS) will reduce uncertainty. Additional project specific clauses, more demanding tolerances, and additional testing will increase costs.

[top ] Bay size

Diagonal steel bracing – Silverstone
(Image courtesy of Kingspan Structural Products)

Structural steelwork prices are influenced by the size of each individual piece (i.e. number of pieces per tonne), which is largely dependent on bay size. Consider larger bay sizes, where the extra weight due to longer spans may be totally offset by the reduced price per tonne and the saving in number of columns and related workmanship. Also the resultant column-free space generally adds value to a project.

Structural steel frames must have the required degree of lateral resistance to wind loads. This can be provided by a stiff core or by the frame itself – diagonal steel bracing is usually a less expensive solution than moment frames.

[top ] Complexity

Modern CNC fabrication equipment can cope with complex individualistic designs but, in general, the more complex the fabrication the greater the cost. Fabrication is more economic with:

  • Single square end cuts
  • One hole diameter on any one piece avoids drill bit changes
  • Holes in flanges and webs aligned where possible
  • Web holes having adequate flange clearance
  • Rationalised range of fittings for connections
  • The use of a small range of standard bolts. e.g. M20 grade 8.8 for shear connections

Wherever possible, leave the choice of the connection detail to the steelwork contractor as the type and design of connections directly influences the total frame cost. Rationalise the range and tonnages of section sizes used.

Complex individualistic designs are going to cost more per tonne, even with modern CNC equipment. If you wish to keep costs down – keep it simple!

[top ] Materials

Avoid mixing steel grades where possible and rationalise the range of section sizes / tonnages used in order to minimise cost, lead times and factory handling. In general steel grade S355 offers greater economy unless stiffness / deflection governs the design, in which case S275 should be used.

Tubular steelwork at the National Football Centre
(Image courtesy of Billington Structures Ltd.)

Ensure that the most appropriate sections are specified for the particular application. “I” sections are usually most economical in conventional framing, while tubular sections are a possible alternative for columns and long span trusses. While tubular sections have a higher first cost than “I” sections, their lower overall gross weight required to perform the same function can largely offset this, often with an “aesthetic bonus”. Asymmetric beams are often used to reduce the construction depth of floor systems. Steel plate is used to fabricate connections. stiffeners and base plates and can be used to fabricate economic ‘I’ sections for longer spans.

[top ] Architectural influence

Ensure that unnecessary finishing is not specified and that any applied corrosion resistant coating is appropriate for the environmental conditions to be encountered. Grinding of welds to improve the appearance of the steel is usually only required for exposed steel in close proximity to a building’s occupants.

[top ] Quality of engineering and documentation

Completeness and accuracy of information are vital for a steelwork contractor to be able to properly assess the work involved. Where the steelwork is pre-designed, ensure that all member sizes are shown and that the connection forces are shown or are available. Guidance on identifying the requirements for the production and exchange of accurate, timely and detailed information for projects involving steelwork is available in BCSA publication no. 45/07.

Further guidance on the design of buildings for economic fabrication is available in:

Guidance on the design for economic fabrication of bridges is available in BCSA publication Steel Bridges. Chapter 7 – Costs.

[top ] Materials and components

Steel sections and plate. structural bolts. welding consumables, light gauge decking and corrosion protection and fire protection systems are all manufactured to European standards and in many cases are CE marked. In addition to these materials steel fabrication also needs fabrication equipment (e.g. cutting, sawing, drilling, welding machines etc.) and software (e.g. for computer controlled machinery).

[top ] Sections and plates

A stockholder’s external facility
(Image courtesy of Rainham Steel Company Ltd.)

Steel sections and plates are generally manufactured to BS EN 10025-2 [1] for open sections, BS EN 10210-1 [2] for hot-finished tubes. and BS EN 10219-1 [3] for cold-formed hollow sections. All sections are accompanied by Type 3.1, product specific CE Inspection documents.

Large orders can be supplied direct from the steel mills, but Steelwork Contractors normally obtain their steel sections and plates from a steel stockholder. Steel stockholders play a vital part in the steel construction supply chain, ensuring that the market is supplied with what it needs when it is needed. The industry has an extensive network of depots serving all parts of the country. The stockholders provide a range of products to the construction industry including heavy structural sections. plates. light sections. cladding materials, flats, angles. Total stocks held represent about 40 days supply. All BCSA stockholder members have quality management systems such as BS EN ISO 9001 [4] in place supplemented by individual identification systems to ensure full traceability from the steel manufacturer to the steelwork contractor. The specification and quality controls placed on stockholders by the BCSA ‘Model Specification for the Purchase of Steel Sections and Plates’ ensures the quality of steel sections and plate placed on the UK market by BCSA stockholders.

[top ] Bolts

Although the majority of structural bolts are manufactured outside of the European community they are all CE marked and manufactured to European standards – BS EN 14399 [5] for preloaded bolts and BS EN 15048-1 [6] for non-preloaded bolts. The exacting quality control requirements placed on European manufacturers and distributors by the BCSA ‘Model Specification for the Purchase of Structural Bolting Assemblies and Holding Down Bolts’ ensures the quality of structural bolts placed on the UK market by BCSA bolt distributors.

[top ] Proprietary products

Proprietary products such as some cellular beams. fasteners, purlins. cladding and roofing systems are also available and can provide novel and cost effective alternative solutions. Many of these are manufactured to either European product standard or European Technical Approvals.

Cellular beam manufacturing